Risk Factors

Are you at risk? - Take the Stroke Risk Quiz

Stroke seems to run in some families. Family members may have a genetic tendency for stroke or share a lifestyle that contributes to stroke. People who have had a stroke are at increased risk of having another one, especially during the first year following the original stroke.

Important risk factors for stroke are:
  • High blood pressure
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Heart disease
  • High blood cholesterol levels
  • History of stroke or transient ischemic attack
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Age greater than 60 years
  • Atrial fibrillation
Other risks include:
  • Heavy alcohol use
  • Illicit drug use
  • Genetic or congenital conditions
  • Inactive lifestyle
  • Obesity
  • African American
  • Men

Ischemic Stroke
Ischemic Stroke
Ischemic stroke is caused by a blood clot that blocks or plugs a blood vessel in the brain.

Hemorrhagic Stroke
Hemorrhagic Stroke
Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel bursts in or around the brain.